By Kathryn Colleen Conklin
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Extra info for Bilingual Access to Interlingual Homographs. An Examination of Effects of Sentential Context, Word Frequency, and Proficiency
In other words, in sentences that highly constrained the interpretation of target word, no effect of the other language was expected. More specifically no naming latency or error differences were expected for target and control words in highly constraining sentences. , pan). , when the appropriate interpretation was the ‘cemetery’ 46 meaning of grave and not ‘serious’). The analysis of the naming latency and error results are summarized in Table 8. Table 8. Summary of the naming latency and error (in parenthesis) results from Schwartz’s Experiment 3 with native Spanish speakers in English, and Experiment 4 with native English speakers in Spanish.
2) The man had to be at 5 o’clock at the port, for a very important meeting. In sentence (1) the word ship appeared, which is a semantic feature of the more frequent meaning of port. In sentence (2) it is clear that the interpretation of the word port was ‘a place where ships dock’ and not ‘a type of wine’. Even though the interpretation of the word port was clear in (2), a feature of the word was not present in the context sentence. Results showed that there was selective activation of the more frequent meaning of a homonym when the context primed one of its features, as in (1).
In Experiment 2, 45 of the ambiguous words had senses with overlapping phonology, and 1 had differening phonologies. In Experiment 3, all 46 ambiguous words had senses with overlapping phonology. , 1979). The frequency of occurrence of the two meanings of the homonyms was relatively balanced, while the context sentences were biased toward just one of the homonym’s meanings, as illustrated by the example in Table 2 from Swinney’s study. Table 2. Contextually biased context with early and late probe positions (indicated with underscoring) and contextually appropriate, inappropriate and unrelated probe words from Swinney (1979).
Bilingual Access to Interlingual Homographs. An Examination of Effects of Sentential Context, Word Frequency, and Proficiency by Kathryn Colleen Conklin