By Peter Armstrong
Osprey's learn of the conflict of Bannockburn, which was once a part of the 1st conflict of Scottish Independence (1296-1328) and the climax of the occupation of King Robert the Bruce. In 1307 King Edward I of britain, 'The Hammer of the Scots' and nemesis of William Wallace, died and his son, Edward II, used to be now not from an identical mold. Idle and apathetic, he allowed the Scots the opportunity to get over the grievous punishment inflicted upon them. by means of 1314 Bruce had captured each significant English-held citadel bar Stirling and Edward II took a military north to subdue the Scots. Pete Armstrong's account of this pivotal crusade culminates on the decisive conflict of Bannockburn that at last received Scotland her independence.
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Extra resources for Bannockburn 1314: Robert Bruce's great victory
SUNDAY 23 JUNE 1314 – FIRST MOVES Early on Sunday morning the Scots, still in the positions they had taken up the previous day, heard mass and in good heart awaited events. Douglas’s and Keith’s cavalry reconnoitred the advance of the English army from Falkirk. Sir Philip Moubray, the castellan of Stirling Castle, presumably with a safe-conduct from Robert Bruce, rode out to meet the King as he advanced by way of the Torwood. e. 24 June, the terms of his agreement with the Scots meant that the castle was now relieved, honour was satisfied and he need advance no further.
PHASE 2. The baggage train of at least 200 wagons straggles into camp throughout the evening. The baggage train and the majority of the infantry do not cross the Bannock Burn, but make camp in the Carse of Skeoch. 10. PHASE 2. Gloucester and Hereford’s cavalry, defeated at the ‘entry’, make for the Carse of Balquhiderock to camp for the night. This allows them to water their horses. 11. PHASE 2. Edward II and the main body of the English army also make for the Carse as they are denied a way through the New Park to their preferred camping ground in the shadow of Stirling Castle.
ENGLISH 1 Clifford and Beaumont's force 2 English Vanguard under Hereford and Gloucester 3 Main body of English army under Edward II 4 Earl of Atholl’s men 5 English camp 6 English baggage train SCOTS A Robert Bruce’s schiltron B Edward Bruce’s schiltron C Earl of Moray’s schiltron D Scots cavalry under Douglas and Keith E The ‘small folk’ 54 XX CLIFFORD & BEAUMONT STIRLING CASTLE 7. PHASE 1. Moray may well not have seen Clifford’s advance along ‘The Way’ until very late. The Wood of Balquhiderock would have blocked his view.
Bannockburn 1314: Robert Bruce's great victory by Peter Armstrong