By Jeff Wallenfeldt, Britannica Educational Publishing
The newly reunified usa skilled a tenuous peace following the yankee Civil struggle. It was once a interval characterised through nice technological advances, but in addition through elevated political, fiscal, and social polarization. This penetrating examine American historical past among the Civil conflict and twentieth century contains firsthand debts that show the existing ideologies of the time and make clear major humans and occasions.
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Additional info for America Between the Civil War and the 20th Century: 1865 to 1900
The movement’s greatest evangelist, George Whiteﬁeld, came to North America during the “Great Awakening” of religious fervor in the 1730s and 1740s. More than anyone else, Whitefield inspired the Awakening, addressing the largest crowds yet seen on the continent (25,000 or more) and stirring many of his listeners to frenzy. Benjamin Franklin, who had no theological sympathy with Whiteﬁeld, wanted to hear him preach but resolved not to contribute any money. 2 After the American Revolution, the Methodists organized themselves as a separate denomination, the Methodist Episcopal Church.
Presbyterians, Congregationalists, and Baptists originally shared the Calvinist belief that God gives his grace as he wishes, regardless of what people do. That belief was contested by the events of the Great Awakening, during the eighteenth century, and of the Second Great Awakening, early in the nineteenth. The success of these movements implied that it wasn’t only grace but also human measures— evangelism, revival meetings, and preaching and praying designed to induce conversion—that led people to decide for Christ.
And whatever the churches do, there will still be Christians, ardent Christians, who aren’t affiliated with any church at all. indd 27 1/16/14 11:08 AM = AMERICAN CHRISTIANITY = To say this is to recognize that there is a place where institutional histories and social theories stop, and the histories of individual men and women start. Consider the story of Frances Jane (Fanny) Crosby, one of the greatest celebrities of nineteenth-century Christianity. A proliﬁc hymn writer (“Blessed Assurance,” “Pass Me Not,” “To God Be the Glory,” and hundreds of other songs), Crosby had—and continues to have—more inﬂuence on religious feeling than an army of clergy.
America Between the Civil War and the 20th Century: 1865 to 1900 by Jeff Wallenfeldt, Britannica Educational Publishing