By Bruce Baker, Brian Kelly, Eric Foner
“Is there particularly whatever new to assert approximately Reconstruction? the wonderful contributions to this quantity make it transparent that the answer's a powerful convinced. jointly those essays let us reconsider the meanings of nation and citizenship within the Reconstruction South, a deeply important job and a laudable develop at the present historiography.”—Alex Lichtenstein, Indiana University
within the well known mind's eye, freedom for African americans is usually assumed to were granted and completely discovered whilst Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation or, no less than, on the end of the Civil warfare. in truth, the nervousness felt by means of newly freed slaves and their allies within the wake of the clash illustrates a extra complex dynamic: the which means of freedom was once vigorously, frequently lethally, contested within the aftermath of the war.
After Slavery moves past huge generalizations relating black lifestyles in the course of Reconstruction for you to deal with the various reports of freed slaves around the South. city unrest in New Orleans and Wilmington, North Carolina, loyalty between former slave proprietors and slaves in Mississippi, armed riot alongside the Georgia coast, and racial violence in the course of the zone are only a few of the subject matters examined.
The essays integrated listed here are chosen from the easiest paintings created for the After Slavery venture, a transatlantic examine collaboration. mixed, they provide a variety of viewpoints at the key matters in Reconstruction historiography and a well-rounded portrait of the era.
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Additional info for After Slavery: Race, Labor, and Citizenship in the Reconstruction South
They might pass through wage labor for a while, as Abraham Lincoln so famously described it, but then they will acquire a little shop, and finally a lucky few would become secure bourgeois entrepreneurs. There is enough truth to this portrait to make it almost unassailable—and certainly unpatriotic to question it. 26 Rethinking Emancipation in the Twenty-First Century 27 The human flow that brought them here, however, was set in motion by more distant dislocations in the economies of the countries from which they came, a great deal of that dislocation prompted by earlier European, Asian, or American investments in offshore production facilities.
I’d like to sketch in bold strokes how further work in this vein might be imagined. How one might frame a study of emancipation that speaks to issues of freedom and citizenship in the twenty-first century. 22 Thomas C. Holt Of Slavery and Freedom “Freedom” is a word rife with ambiguity and contradiction, even in the more learned and careful discourse of scholars. 13 What all of this work underscores, I think, is that the concept of freedom has a history, and thus it is not some innate, transcendent quality of the human spirit, floating above particular histories.
3. Tannenbaum, Slave and Citizen. 4. Le Monde, 25 April 1998. See also Cooper, Holt, and Scott, Beyond Slavery, 151–52. 5. Dubois, A Colony of Citizens, 1–2. 6. George White, “Workers Held in Near Slavery, Official Says,” Los Angeles Times, 3 August 1995; Bill Wallace, “70 Immigrants Found in Raid on Sweatshop: Thai workers tell horror stories of captivity,” San Francisco Chronicle, 4 August 1995, A12. 7. On 9 November 1995, federal indictments were issued for ten of the Thai operators of the factory, charging them with involuntary servitude.
After Slavery: Race, Labor, and Citizenship in the Reconstruction South by Bruce Baker, Brian Kelly, Eric Foner