By Mir Bahmanyar
Following the Soviet invasion in 1979, the Mujahideen defenders of Afghanistan built and strengthened many typical cave structures to exploit as offer bases and shielding positions. The Taliban and Al Qaeda additional bolstered those positions within the Nineties. Following the occasions of September eleven, 2001, those cave platforms have once again come to prominence and websites corresponding to Tora Bora and Zhawar Kili have featured in information headlines world wide. This name presents an research of those caves and underground platforms, and discusses the U.S.-led Coalition's tactical method of dislodging the enemy from those fortified positions.
Read Online or Download Afghanistan Cave Complexes 1979-2004: Mountain strongholds of the Mujahideen, Taliban & Al Qaeda (Fortress, Volume 26) PDF
Best military books
In the summertime of 1754, deep within the barren region of western Pennsylvania, a really younger George Washington suffered his first army defeat, and a centuries-old feud among nice Britain and France was once rekindled. The conflict that will be fought throughout virgin territories, from Nova Scotia to the forks of the Ohio River, and it'll eventually come to a decision the destiny of the full North American continent--not only for nice Britain and France but additionally for the Spanish and local American populations.
"This is the 1st e-book to offer a close, first-hand account of post-World conflict II RAF brief Sunderland operations within the a ways East. the writer was once a navigator with 88 Squadron and later 205 Squadron, flying operations through the Korean warfare, the Malayan Emergency and plenty of different operations. He used to be established at Seletar in Singapore, Kaitak in Hong Kong, Iwakuni close to Hiroshima and numerous different operational bases all through his and a part yr journey.
The hot Spearhead sequence is designed to examine the leading edge of struggle, facing devices able to working thoroughly independently within the vanguard of conflict. each one quantity within the sequence examines a old devices origins, historical past, association, order of conflict, conflict historical past, insignia and markings.
Archduke Carl of Austria lived in the course of a time fractured by means of the collision of revolution and response, and he drew upon the French Revolution because the resource for many of his reviews as a box commander and theoretician. He firmly believed that there have been definite uncontradictable truths that ruled conflict.
- Soviet Military Strategy in Europe. An Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis Book
- Britain and the Occupation of Austria, 1943–45
- Social Sciences and the Military: An Interdisciplinary Approach (Cass Military Studies)
- The RAF's Air War In Libya: New Conflicts in the Era of Austerity
- The Illustrated History of World War I : The Battles, Personalities, Events and Key Weapons From All Fronts In The First World War 1914-18
Extra info for Afghanistan Cave Complexes 1979-2004: Mountain strongholds of the Mujahideen, Taliban & Al Qaeda (Fortress, Volume 26)
5mm machine guns caused from 50 to 70 percent of helicopter losses and damage, and from 40 to 50 percent of aircraft losses and damage. Also in limited use were Swiss 20mm Oerlikon antiaircraft guns and the Soviet-made self-propelled, four-barrel 23mm ZSU-23-4 automatic gun system known as Shilka, which is still used by the Taliban and the Northern Alliance. For better protection of their fortified bases and strongholds, enemy forces established a local early warning system that consisted of a net of observation posts.
There are other ways of moving such as the Diamond formation—a lead man, two flankers and rear security. qxd 11/3/09 12:35 Page 31 Cave-clearing techniques Although few large complex cave/tunnel complexes exist, the fact still remains that the infantry must clear or destroy such obstacles when encountered. Tunnel clearing, no matter the size of the actual complex, requires specialized training, as it is both arduous and nerve-racking. It requires confidence in training, equipment and teammates.
Qxd 11/3/09 12:36 Page 38 Defensive operations The Mujahideen/Taliban/Al Qaeda A declassified study commissioned by the Central Intelligence Agency on the lessons learned in Afghanistan serves as an excellent example of the type of warfare waged both against the Soviet and Coalition forces there by the Mujahideen. Many of the strengths of the Mujahideen are intrinsic to insurgency warfare. That is, their conduct of the war is very similar to that used historically by insurgency groups in Vietnam or Algeria.
Afghanistan Cave Complexes 1979-2004: Mountain strongholds of the Mujahideen, Taliban & Al Qaeda (Fortress, Volume 26) by Mir Bahmanyar