By Claes G. Ryn
an exceptional problem of the twenty-first century is the risk of clash among individuals, peoples, and cultures, between and inside societies. In a typical Human flooring, Claes Ryn explores the character of this challenge and units forth a idea approximately what's important for peaceable kin to be attainable. Many within the Western international belief in “democracy,” “capitalism,” “liberal tolerance,” “scientific progress,” or “general enlightenment” to address this challenge. even supposing every one of those, thoroughly outlined, may possibly give a contribution towards assuaging disputes, Ryn argues that the matter is far extra advanced and critical than is mostly well-known. He purposes that, such a lot essentially, strong family between participants and international locations have ethical and cultural preconditions. What can predispose them to mutual appreciate and peace? One Western philosophical culture, for which Plato set the development, keeps that the single strategy to actual cohesion is for old variety to yield to universality. The implication of this view for a multicultural global will be a peace that calls for that cultural forte be effaced so far as attainable and changed with a common tradition. a truly diversified Western philosophical culture denies the life of universality altogether. it truly is represented this present day by way of postmodernist multiculturalism—a view that leaves unanswered the query as to how clash among different teams may be avoided. Ryn questions either one of those traditions, arguing for the capability union of universality and particularity. He contends that the 2 needn't be enemies, yet in reality desire one another. Cultivating person and nationwide particularities is probably suitable with strengthening and enriching our universal humanity. This quantity embraces the concept of universality, whereas even as historicizing it. utilizing wide-ranging examples, Ryn provides a firmly sustained and systematic argument centering in this valuable factor. His strategy is interdisciplinary, discussing not just political rules, but in addition fiction, drama, and different arts. Scholarly and philosophical, yet no longer really expert, this booklet will attract basic readers in addition to intellectuals.
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Extra info for A Common Human Ground: Universality and Particularity in a Multicultural World
The proper task, it would appear, is to work to spread a spirit of humanism throughout society and to humanize science and economic activity, making them means to the higher ends of civilization. This work is not, as should be clear from previous arguments, a matter of merely reviving and disseminating traditional beliefs. Those beliefs need critical and discriminating scrutiny, and must, to the extent that they remain valid, be restated in ways that can be understood and accepted in the contemporary world.
Representatives of different cultures can reach each other as fellow human beings through their cultural individuality, as shaped by shared striving. Because the peoples of the world face vastly different circumstances and opportunities, goodness, truth, and beauty can have meaning and practical efﬁcacy only as incarnated in a myriad of different ways. Moral and other customs must differ in speciﬁcs according to 2. Richard Rorty, Consequences of Pragmatism: Essays, 1972–1980 (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1982), 87–88.
Faithfulness to a cultural heritage involves rejuvenation and revision. ”3 The great civilizations have brought forth works of art, thought, and conduct that attract the deep admiration of later generations. ” It is imitation not of “the thing” but of its method and informing value. ”4 The imagination plays a crucial role by letting new generations and individuals accommodate the models and insights of their heritage within their own experiences, which is a process of adaptation and creativity.
A Common Human Ground: Universality and Particularity in a Multicultural World by Claes G. Ryn